Abandonware DOS title

The most popular based on a novel games

A lot of old games were based on a book, being it a novel or even a short story. Some novels that inspired developers to create video games are The Lords of the Rings (by J. R. R. Tolkien, Rendez Vous with Rama (by Arthur Clarke), The Mist (by Stephen King).
betrayalkrondor-7

Betrayal at Krondor

DOS1993protected4.1/5 Dynamix
return-of-the-phantom-06

Return of the Phantom

DOS1993protecteddemo3.7/5 MicroProse Software
Return of the Phantom is adventure game set in France, designed by Raymond Benson, developed by MicroProse Software and released in 1993 for DOS only. Return of the Phantom is a third-person adventure game based on the book Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux.
lone-wolf-mirror-04

Lone Wolf: The Mirror of Death

DOS19913.8/5 Mr. Micro
9-princes-in-amber-02

9 Princes in Amber

DOS19854.1/5 Telarium
transarctica-06

Transarctica

DOS19933.9/5 Silmarils
circuitsedge-2

Circuit's Edge

DOS19904.1/5 Westwood Studios
Circuit's Edge is a single-player science fiction blend of adventure game and RPG, developed by Westwood Studios and released by Infocom in 1990. Circuit's Edge is based on George Alec Effinger's cyberpunk novel "When Gravity Fails".
dune-generations-06

Dune Generations

Windows XP/98/952002canceled3.8/5 Cryo Interactive Entertainment
Dune Generations was a canceled 3D MMO strategy game set in the Dune universe that was never published. Dune Generations was in development by Cryo Interactive Entertainment, but it was canceled in 2002 when the company filed for bankruptcy. As of 2002 the game was still in the alpha stage; what's left are some screenshots ...
warmiddleearth-1

War in Middle Earth

DOS19883.9/5 Synergistic Software
return-to-ringworld-02

Return to Ringworld

DOS19943.8/5 Tsunami Media
gateway2_home_000

Gateway 2: Homeworld

DOS1993protected3.9/5 Legend Entertainment
zorro-3

Zorro

DOS19953.3/5 Capstone
conancimmerian-3

Conan: the Cimmerian

DOS19914.2/5 Synergistic Software
wizard-of-oz-02

The Wizard of Oz

DOS19853.9/5 Windham Classics
tekwar-09

William Shatner's TekWar

DOS19954/5 Capstone
rendezvousrama-1

Rendezvous with Rama

DOS19853.7/5 Telarium
teamyankee-1

Team Yankee

DOS19904.2/5 Oxford Digital Enterprises
skthemist-1

The mist

DOS19853.9/5 Angelsoft
20000leagues-3

20000 Leagues under the sea

DOS19883.8/5 Coktel Vision
dragonflight-01

Dragonflight

DOS19913.6/5 Thalion
pacificislands-1

Pacific Islands

DOS19924.3/5 Oxford Digital Enterprises
shannara-09

Shannara

DOS1995protected4.1/5 Legend Entertainment
treasure-island-01

Treasure Island

DOS19853.5/5 Byron Preiss Video Productions
hook-04

Hook

DOS19924.2/5 Shadow Software
neuromancer-3

Neuromancer

DOS19894/5 Interplay Productions
megafortress-1

Megafortress

DOS1991protected4.1/5 Artech Studios
frankenstein-02

Frankenstein

DOS19944.1/5 Junkyard
icon-ring-04

ICON: Quest for the Ring

DOS19843.6/5 Macrocom
red-storm-rising-05

Red Storm Rising

DOS19894/5 MicroProse Software
shadowsmordor-3

The Shadows of Mordor

DOS19883.7/5 Beam Software