Abandonware DOS title

The most popular based on a novel games

A lot of old games were based on a book, being it a novel or even a short story. Some novels that inspired developers to create video games are The Lords of the Rings (by J. R. R. Tolkien, Rendez Vous with Rama (by Arthur Clarke), The Mist (by Stephen King).
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The Shadows of Mordor

DOS19883.7/5 Beam Software
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The Hunt for Red October

DOSMac19874.1/5 Oxford Digital Enterprises
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The Fourth Protocol

DOS19874/5 The Electronic Pencil Co.
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War of the Lance

DOS1990protected4.3/5 SSI Strategic Simulations Inc.
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Alice in Wonderland

DOS19893.3/5
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Flight of the Intruder

DOS19904.2/5 Rowan Software
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Companions of Xanth

DOS1993protected3.8/5 Legend Entertainment
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The Cardinal of the Kremlin

DOS19904/5 Capstone
The Cardinal of the Kremlin is an abandoned simulation game involving espionage, politics and govern management set in the cold war years. It was designed by Kenneth Rothschild, developed by Capstone and released by IntraCorp in 1990 for DOS and Amiga. The Cardinal of the Kremlin was based on the Tom Clancy novel of the same name.
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Castle Elsinore

DOS19923.5/5 Temple Software
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The Rocketeer

DOS19912.8/5 NovaLogic
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Farenheit 451

DOS19843.4/5 Telarium
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Scrooge

DOS19913/5 Leisuresoft
Scrooge is an abandoned interactive fiction graphic adventure game developed and released by Leisuresoft in 1991 for DO. Scrooge is based on the popular Christmas tale of the same name.
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Dracula in London

DOS19883.5/5 SDJ Enterprises