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Hacker 2: The Doomsday Papers manual

HACKER II - THE DOOMSDAY PAPERS

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OPERATIONAL ASPECTS

1.1 INTRODUCTION

This document describes the operational aspects of the Multi-Function 
Switching Matrix (MFSM). See the companion Maintenance Manual - Volume 2, Part #CIA-M-22544/B for detailed maintenance and troubleshooting 
information (not included in game package. Oh well!). This document, MFSM Operator's Manual - Volume 1, presents General Information, Functional Description, Controls and Connectors, and Operating Procedures for the MFSM Installation procedures are covered in a separate publication, MFSM "Mark 5" Unpacking and Installaton - Volume 3 (a security clearance of Alpha III or better is needed to gain access to the installation document).

1.2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION

The MFSM is housed in a ruggedized metal casing which is designed for 
optimal operation in adverse environmental conditions. It features a 
sophisiticated power supply, Phnordman video matrix, transceivers, a 
solid-state video recorder, telemetry guidance capabilities, and switching/interface circuits.

1.2.1 Power Supply

Power is supplied by special transformers and adaptors that automatically adjust to voltages utilized at a local site. Because the MFSM is principally used in clandestine operations, its transformer circuitry also detects and masks power line analyzer device signals, rendering its presence and location invisible to voltage security probes. Nickel cadmium battery packs are provided for autonomous operation.

1.2.2 Phnordman Video Matrix

A Phnordman video matrix, consisting of four monitors can display and one of the following system functions: target site security monitors, video tape, telemetry guidance display, and site surveillance cameras.

1.2.3 Long-Range Transceiver

A built-in long-range transceiver transmits and receives encoded signals via a secured satellite uplink system (satellites are in geosychronous orbit). Highly advanced Adaptive Differential Pulse Coded Modulation (ADPCM) circuitry is used to provide near real-time manipulation of the MFSM subsystems. When coupled with the satellite uplink, the MFSM can be placed anywhere on the earth, and can be controlled from any location. Transmission delays are typically in the order of 10.77 usecs, due to average atmospheric propagation factors.

1.2.4 Short-Range Transceiver

Another transceiver is used to control a variety of remote equipment from the MFSM. This transceiver, which is part of the on-board Telemetry Guidance System (TGS), features provisions for an interactive synthetic aperture radar display of objects within a 5 mile square radius of the unit. Mobile Remote Units (MRU's), model numbers G-665 or better can be operated, as well as most Subterranean Remote Units (SRU's). See applicable documents for details on interface requirements.

1.2.5 Interfaces

The MFSM has provisions for a variety of video, audio, and digital 
interfaces (including GPIB and RS-232C). An internal 68000 microprocessor is used to control all MFSM subsystems, either by direct remote commands or by programs, which can be transmitted and stored for future use. Once the MFSM is installed at a remote site, it can be configured to intercept, process, and emulate significant aspects of that site's command and control network. Video systems can be monitored, controlled, and even bypassed with the on-board Video Tape Recorder (VTR). Data buses can be accessed to provide monitoring and control of digital systems. Automatic error detection and encryption circuitry assures accurate, undetected operaton.

1.3 RELATIONSHIP OF UNITS

The MFSM is installed at a remote site to monitor its transmissions and 
control telemetrically guided devices. Uplink to a secured satellite system transfers data to and from the MFSM to a central processing system, which can be accessed through authorized computers or terminals.

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

2.1 INTRODUCTION

This section describes only the functional aspects of the MFSM. Refer to Maintenance Manual - Volume II for the accompanying Section 3 - Theory Of Operation.

2.2 SYSTEM CONTROL

The SELCT pushbutton is part of the System Control circuit. The pushbutton operates a switch which selects one of four display screens. The screen selected is active for programming until the SELCT pushbutton is pressed again. Only one monitor may be selected for programming at any time. Then the next screen in a left-to-right and top-to-bottom sequence is activated. The VHOLD pushbutton allows vertical synch of an active screen to be corrected.

2.3 SITE MONITOR FUNCTION

The MFSM is patched into the target site's security system. The MON 
pushbutton allows a remote operator to view what the site monitor operators see as they scan their system. Because most installations utilize a dual-monitor system, the MFSM monitor circuits can be switched between two separate signals, by either pressing the MON pushbutton again or pressing the +/- pushbutton while in the monitor mode.

2.4 VTR AND BYPASS FUNCTION

Surveillance camera video signals can be overidden with images from the 
MFSM Video Tape Recorder subsystem. A bypass switch (BYP) allows the target site's currently active surveillance camera signal to be substituted with a recorded video singal. The Video Tape Recorder is activated with the VTR pushbutton. The VTR is actually a solid-state device which digitizes video signals on up to 38 separate channels and stores them in virtual memory. The interal bubble memory has a 5 gigabyte capacity which is refreshed every 24 hours. Operation is identical to that of an analog VTR, and the controls associated with the subsystem are also similar.

2.5 TELEMETRY GUIDANCE SYSTEM

The Telemetry Guidance System fuctions as follows: (1) it provides a 
passive synthetic aperature radar display of all objects within a range of 5 square miles and (2) it integrates outputs from a monitor detector, the target site digital traffic, and feedback from MRU's. Thus on one monitor a remote operator can simultaneously view a floor plan rendering of the target site, the present location of an MRU, the motion of site security personnel, and a representation of which surveillance cameras are active within the display parameters. Although the maximum range of the TGS is 5 square miles, it displays an immediate range of only 200 square yards at a time. The TGS is automatically linked to the movement of any active MRU, which then causes the display to bescrolled in accordance with the MRU 
location.

2.6 MOBILE REMOTE UNIT

MRUs can be activated by pressing the MRU pushbutton or any of the motion control pushbuttons. It is recommended that the TGS is used in conjunction with this operation, since MRU models compatible with most MFSM models do not presently feature an internal camera.

2.7 CAMERA

The output of the target site surveillance cameras can be individually 
viewed. Pressing the CAM pushbutton intercepts the "live" camera for the corresponding channel selected.

CONTROLS AND CONNECTORS

3.1 GENERAL

In this section the location and function of all controls, indicators,
displays, and connectors are identified. Note that this portion of the 
manual does not provide details on theory or operation of the elements 
identified. See Section 4 of this manual for operating prodedures.

3.2 CONTROLS

The major elements of the MFSM are the keypad control panels, the four 
raster scan display screens, and backpanel connectors.

3.2.1 Keypad Control Panels

Different keypad arrangements of the keypad control panel are used, 
depending on the MFSM model number and the operator's interfacing computer. They are divided into two major groups: system control and VTR control.

3.2.2 Display controls

Operating procedures and interpretation of display controls are detailed in Section 4.

TABLE 3-1  KEYPAD CONTROL ELEMENTS

Nomenclature    	Description
SELCT			Used to select screens for activation. Selection 			occurs in a left-to-right, top-to-bottom sequence.

VHOLD			Vertical hold adjust mode switch.

CAM			Selects "live" camera for viewing.

MON			Gains access to target site internal closed-circuit 
			security monitors. Two circuits are available for viewing:
			MON A and MON B.

VTR			Activates the Video Tape Recorder.

TGS			Activates the Telemetry Guidance System display on the 
			screen selected.

+			Increments channels when in CAM and VTR modes. Toggles 
			betweeen site and security monitor circuits when in 
			MON mode. Adjusts vertical hold on some models.

-			Decrements channels when in CAM and VTR modes. Toggles between
			site and security monitor circuits when in MON mode. 
			Adjusts vertical hold on some models.

BYP			Toggles VTR bypass of site monitor channel. 

MRU			Activates Mobile Remote Unit (MRU). Only one MRU can be 
			active at any time.

<<			Rewinds VTR tape.

STOP			Stops VTR tape. Causes screen to show blank until the 
			tape is  played. Indicated by highlight on pushbutton.

PLAY			Starts VTR tape. Function activation is indicated by 
			highlight on pushbutton.

PAUSE			Pauses VTR tape. Function activation is indicated by 
			flashing highlight on pushbutton. PLAY must be pressed 
			again to restart tape.

>>			Advances the VTR tape.

L			Used in conjunction with MRU mode. MRU to turn left.

F			Used in conjunction with MRU mode. MRU to move forward.

B			Used in conjunction with MRU mode. MRU to move backwards.

R			Used in conjunction with MRU mode. MRU to turn right.

3.3 BACKPANEL CONNECTORS

Backpanel connectors are hardwired on site. All cables and connectors 
terminate in special adaptors that interface with the target site terminals

3.3.1 Video Inputs/Outputs

Camera inputs are taken directly from tapes of a remote site's video 
control center. Up to 38 channels are provided. The MFSM solid-state 
recorder bypass output connectors (labeled MON OUTPUTS) are patched back in to the remote site switching unit. Bias and phasing mismatches are automatically compensated for. A synch signal from the MFSM control 
microprocessor is included with every VTR output to allow for precise 
synchronization with the target system's timing devices.

3.3.2 Audio Inputs/Outputs

Although the BNC connectors for monitor inputs also carry audio signals, the MFSM is equipped with 10 RCA-type stereo input and output jacks. These are used for ancillary bugging purposes. These jacks can also be interfaced with the Digital Audio Synthesizing Unit (DASU), Part #CIA-UYA-007/9 for special highly sophisiticated jamming and audio alteration purposes.

3.3.3 Data Acquisition Connectors

GPIB and RS-232C connectors form the lower part of the backplane panel. The target site's digital traffic is routed through these connectors. In addition, serial-to-parallel probes, signature analyzers, serial interface probes, trace modules, remote control devices, etc. can be connected to these ports. See the companion MFSM Maintenance Manual - Volume 2 for details on connectors.

OPERATING PROCEDURES

4.1 GENERAL

This section describes detailed operating procedures for the following 
modes of MFSM operation:

- Monitoring
- VTR
- Bypass
- TGS and MRU

Operating procedures for menus and displays used to control parameters are presented in this section. Initial turn-on procedures, basic programming rules, and operating modes are discussed, respectively.

4.2 TURN ON PROCEDURES

Gaining access to the MFSM from an unauthorized microcomputer terminal is virtually impossible. Uplinks are possible only when originated from 
central computer control to offsite terminals.

4.3 BASIC PROGRAMMING RULES

A hand shaped cursor is used to "press" the appropriate pushbuttons on the MFSM front panel. On microcomputers configured with a standard joystick the cursor is positioned with the control column, and the desired pushbutton is activated by pressing the joystick switch (typically #1). On microcomputers configured with a mouse the cursor is positioned by moving the mouse, and the desired pushbutton is activated by pressing the switch on top of the mouse once.

When a pushbutton has been pressed, the finger of the cursor changes to a down position, and the lettering on the button is highlighted with color to indicate the active status. Depending on the pushbutton pressed (and the function in operation) the highlight may be momentary, it may continue as long as the button is held down, or it may stay on until the pushbutton is pressed a second time.

4.3.1 Selecting Display

To select a display, press the SELCT pushbutton. The channel indicator for the next display in a left-to-right, top-to-bottom order will immediately  flash. The channel number is changed by pressing the + or - pushbuttons.

4.3.2 Adjusting Vertical Hold

Sometimes the vertical hold must be adjusted on a display. To do this, 
perform the following procedure:

1. Press the SELCT pushbutton to select the desired display.
2. On systems equipped with a joystick:
	o Move the hard cursor to the VHOLD pushbutton.
	o Press and hold the joystick control button.
	o The VHOLD is highlighted.
	o While still pressing te joystick control button, move the
	  column forward to control the rate of bottom-to-top vertical
	  roll, and back to control the rate of top-to-bottom roll.
3. On systems equipped with a mouse:
	o Press and hold the VHOLD pushbutton
	o The VHOLD is highlighted
	o Press the + or - button to control the rate of vertical roll.
	o Press the VHOLD pushbutton again.

4.4 OPERATING MODES

The MFSM Monitoring, VTR, Bypass, and TGS/MRU functions provide extremely powerful and flexible capabilities for sophisiticated real-time remote covert activities. In the MON mode, and operator may view a site's internal monitoring system. In CAM mode, the operator may also view individual cameras independant of it's monitoring system. The VTR mode allows for playback and analysis of all the site's recorded activities. The BYP mode enables an operator to intercept an internal monitoring system and substitute its current channel with a taped image corresponding to the same channel. Finally, the TGS and MRU modes provide information concerning the relative displacement and disposition of hostile counterintelligence forces and allows command and control over friendly intelligence elements. Successful use of the MFSM, therefore, depends on the ability of the operator to manipulate all the resources available to carry out the desired mission.

4.4.1 Monitoring

Monitoring takes place in two modes: viewing of a remote site internal 
video security monitoring circuits, and viewing elements of those circuits independant of the site central control.

4.4.1.1 Viewing Security Monitors.  To gain access to internal security
monitors, perform the following procedure:

1. Select the desired display monitor on the MFSM. 
2. Press the MON pushbutton
3. The default monitor circuit is "A". Verify that the monitor
status display indicates "SECURITY MON A (or B)"
4. To change the current monitor, press the MON pushbutton again
5. Verify that the monitor status display indicates the alternate
monitor circuit.

4.4.1.2 Viewing Independant Cameras.  Individual surveillance cameras at the site can be isolated for viewing. To view a separate camera, 
the appropriate channel for that camera must be activated.
Perform the following procedure:

1. Select the desired display monitor on the MFSM
2. Press the CAM pushbutton
3. Verify that the monitor status display indicates "LIVE"
4. Press the + pushbutton to increment channels and the
pushbutton to decrement channels

4.4.2 Video Tape Recorder Option

The Video Tape Recorder mode of operation is useful for display and 
analysis of pre-recorded activity. Recording is continuously automatic, so there are no provisions for "recording" an independant event, as with a standard VTR. When a channel is set for display, the taped material is transferred from a special buffer.

When a display on the MFSM has been selected and the VTR pushbutton has 
been pressed, the VTR will then function in a manner similar to normal 
analogdevices. See Section 3 for an explanation of pushbutton functions 
associated with the VTR. The display status indicates "TAPE" when the VTR is active. To change the current tape channel number, press either the + or - pushbutton.

The synch signal that is recorded with the original image is automatically shown during playback. That signal is present on the bottom part of the screen as numbers that correspond to the minute and second of a one hour period. Shuttle search is possible by pressing the PLAY pushbutton and then pressing the >> or << buttons. A speeded image of the recorded material will be shown, along with synch numbers at the bottom.

4.4.3 Bypass

The bypass mode allows the recorded image from a VTR channel to replace its corresponding surveillance camera. To perform a monitor bypass, do the following:

1. Use one of the MFSM displays to show the VTR 
2. Select the VTR channel to be bypassed (using + or - pushbutton)
3. If necessary, advance or rewind the VTR until the time synch  
values match those shown on a real-time display.
4. Press the PLAY button on the VTR
5. Press BYP to bypass the surveillance camera with tape.
6. Verify that the monitor status display indicates "BYPASS CAMERA"

To disable the bypass, do the following:

1. Select MFSM display showing the bypassed camera
2. Press the BYP pushbutton to return to normal VTR function.

WARNING: SOME SECURITY SYSTEMS CAN DETECT WHEN A SYCHRONIZATION ERROR HAS OCCURRED. BE ABSOLUTELY CERTAIN THAT THE CORRECT TIME SYNCH SIGNAL
IS PRESENT ON THE BYPASS CHANNEL.

4.4.4 TGS and MRU Modes

When the Telemetry Guidance System screen is present on any of the MFSM
displays, all pertinent information regarding active cameras, site 
personnel placement, navigational information, and MRU location is provided. To display the TGS screen:

1. Select the desired display monitor on the MFSMå 
2. Press the TGS pushbutton
3. Verify that the monitor status display indicates "TGS-____". The
current direction of the MRU is shown in the space after the  
dash.

Since location of an active MRU can also be shown relative to its 
surroundings, it is best to control the MRU in conjunction with the TGS 
display.

4.4.4.1 Controlling MRU Movement.  To Control an MRU displayed on the TGS, perform the following procedure:

1. On systems equipped with a joystick:
	a. Move the hand cursor to the MRU pushbutton
	b. Press and release the joystick control button
	c. The MRU button is highlighted
	d. Move the column forward to move the MRU forward, and back to
	   move the MRU backwards.
	e. Move the column left to turn the MRU to the left, and right 
	   to turn the MRU to the right.
	f. Note that the TGS status display indicates the direction 
	  (EAST, WEST, NORTH, or SOUTH) the MRU is facing
	g. Centering the control column stops the MRU in its current
	   position
	h. Press the MRU button again to release the MRU function.
	i. Verify that the MRU button is no longer highlighted.

2. On systems equipped with a mouse: 
	a. Press and hold the F button to move the MRU forward, and the 
	   B button to move the MRU backwards.
	b. Press and hold the L button to turn the MRU to the left, and 
	   the R button to turn the MRU to the right.
	c. Note that the monitor status display indicates the direction
	   (EAST, WEST, NORTH, or SOUTH) the MRU is facing.

4.5 SECRECY WARNING

The content of this manual is of the highest "TOP SECRET" classification.  Do not remove this document from its locked files. Operatives with proper security operatives with receive sealed copies. It is unlawful to copy this MFSM document onto magnetic tape or disk, or by any optical, chemical, or mechanical means.

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